Criminal Law and Criminal Defense Lawyers
Criminal law is a body of rules referring to crime.
They regulate social behavior and they condemn any actions that threaten, harm or endanger people’s safety, health, or moral welfare, at the same time foreseeing punishments for those responsible for such actions.
The difference between criminal and civil law is that, in the case of the latter, the accent falls on solving the dispute and on compensating the victim rather than on punishing the crime.
The Five Objectives of Criminal Law
- Retribution – It refers to the fact that any criminal has to be punished for taking illegal advantage of other individuals. This way, the law’s purpose is “righting the balance” between the two parts involved in the incident.
- Deterrence – It refers to applying the proper punishment to every offender, with the purpose of discouraging him from committing any further crimes. By deterring offenders, the law also sets an example for the other citizens who may be thinking of committing similar offenses.
- Incapacitation – It involves keeping criminals away from law abiding citizens, in order to protect the latter category from any harm that the former category may bring to them. This task is usually accomplished by dictating prison sentences.
- Rehabilitation – It is another main objective of criminal law, aiming to convert the criminals who are imprisoned into law abiding citizens.
- Restoration – It refers to the law’s purpose to repair any injury caused by the offender to his victim.